Further Reading

Read David Douglas's Journal

Journal Kept by David Douglas During His Travels in North America, 1823-1827. Originally published by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1914. Click here to view online. Facsimile editions are now widely available (such as on Amazon).

To learn more about David Douglas

David Douglas Society - Interpreting the life and legacy of David Douglas in the Pacific Northwest and beyond.

David Douglas: Explorer and Botanist by Ann Lindsay and Syd House. Published in 1999 by Aurum Press. Also published in 2005 in paperback as The Tree Collector: The Life & Explorations of David Douglas.

The Collector: David Douglas and the Natural History of the Northwest by Jack Nisbet.

David Douglas, A Naturalist at Work: An Illustrated Exploration Across Two Centuries in the Pacific Northwest by Jack Nisbet.

Douglas of the Fir, a Biography of David Douglas, Botanist by George Athelston Harvey. Published in 1947 by Harvard University Press.

Project Research Bibliography

Anderson, Margaret J. Olla-Piska: Tales of David Douglas. Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 2006.

Arno, Stephen F. and Ramona P. Hammerly. Northwest Trees. Seattle: The Mountaineers, 1977.

Ballantyne, Robert Michael. Hudson Bay. London: T. Nelson and Sons, 1876.

Beardy, Flora and Robert Coutt, eds. and comps. Voices from Hudson Bay: Cree Stories from York Factory. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 1996.

Beattie, William. “Garden Accounts, 1791-1799, 1804, 1817-18” Box 108, held at Scone Palace.

Beckham, Stephen Dow. The Indians of Western Oregon: This Land Was Theirs. Coos Bay, Ore.: Arago Books, 1977.

Brown, Deni. “Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh,” 1997.

Carey, Charles H. A General History of Oregon Prior to 1861. Vols. 1 and 2. Portland: Metropolitan Press, 1935.

Choris, Louis. Voyage Pittoresque Autour du Monde, Avec des Portraits de Sauvages…et Plusiers Objects d’Histoire Naturelle. Paris: Didot, 1822.

Claire, Rémy. David Douglas: Naturalist ecossaise Explorateur de l’Ouest Américain. Drulingen: Imprimerie Scheuer, 1998.

———. Le Douglas: Un Arbre Exceptionnel. Drulingen: Imprimerie Scheuer, 2010.

Davies, John. Douglas of the Forests. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1980.

Desmon, Ray. Kew: The History of the Royal Botanic Gardens. London: The Harvill Press, 1995.

Douglas, David. Journal Kept by David Douglas During His Travels in North America, 1823-1827. London: Royal Horticultural Society, 1914.

———. “An Account of some new, and little known Species of the Genus Ribes,” Transactions of the Horticultural Society 8 (1830); 508-18.

———. Field Sketches, 1833. Country Traveled from Fort Okanagan to the Quesnel River, Showing the Natural Configuration, with Notes on Trees, Vegetation, and Soil. MS-622 British Columbia Archives, Victoria, B.C.

Douglas, John. “Biographical Notes of David Douglas.” Written for W. J. Hooker, 1835.

Eastwood, Alice. “Early Botanical Explorers on the Pacific Coast and the Trees They Found There.” California Historical Society Quarterly, San Francisco, 18 (1939): 335-344.

Ermatinger, Edward. Edward Ermatinger’s York Factory Express Journal: Being a Record of Journeys Made Between Fort Vancouver and Hudson Bay in the Years 1827-1828. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. Vol. 6. Ottawa: Royal Society of Canada, 1912.

Fletcher, Harold R. The Story of the Royal Horticultural Society 1804-1968. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Franchére, Gabriel. Narrative of a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of America. New York: Redfield, 1854.

Frost, Rossie and Locky. “The King’s Bullock Catcher,” The Hawaiian Journal of History, Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society (1977): 175-187.

Gibbs, George. A Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon; or, Trade Language of Oregon. New York: Cramoisy Press, 1863.

Gilkey, Helen M. and La Rea J. Dennis. Handbook of Northwestern Plants. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2001.

Gilman, Carolyn. Lewis and Clark: Across the Divide. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society, 2003.

Goldie, John. “In Memory of David Douglas,” British Columbia Historical Quarterly, Victoria, B.C. II (1938): 89-95.

Greer, Richard A. “Honolulu in 1838,” The Hawaiian Journal of History, Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society (1977): 3-38.

Harper, J. Russell. Paul Kane’s Frontier. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum, 1971.

Harvey, A. G., “David Douglas in British Columbia,” British Columbia Historical Quarterly, Victoria, British Columbia, 4 (1940): 221-43.

Harvey, George Athelston. Douglas of the Fir, a Biography of David Douglas, Botanist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1947.

Haskin, Leslie L. Oregon Sunday Journal (Portland). “Oregon Much Indebted to David Douglas, Botanist,” April 5, 1925, sec. 4, p. 13.

Hooker, W. J., “A Brief Memoir of the Life of Mr. David Douglas, with Extracts from His Letters.” Reprint. [original 1836] Oregon Historical Quarterly 5 (1904): 223-71, 325-69; 6 (1905): 76-97, 206-27, 288-309, 417-49.

Houston, Stuart C., ed. Arctic Artist: The Journal and Paintings of George Back, Midshipman with Franklin, 1819-1822. Rupert’s Land Record Series, edited by Jennifer S. H. Brown, no. 3. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 1994.

Howell, Thomas. A Flora of Northwest America. Portland: n.p. 1903.

Huck, Barbara. Exploring the Fur Trade Routes of North America. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Heartland Associates Inc., 2000.

Josephy, Alvin M. Jr. The Artist Was a Young Man. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum, 1970.

Jouvancourt, Hughes de. Cornelius Krieghoff. Toronto: Musson Book Company, 1971.

Lemmon, Kenneth. The Golden Age of Plant Hunters. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1968

Lindsay, Ann. Seeds of Blood and Beauty: Scottish Plant Explorers. Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 2005.

Linn Soil and Water Conservation Service. “Guide for Using Willamette Valley Native Plants Along Your Stream.” n.p. 1998.

Lister, Kenneth R. Paul Kane the Artist: Wilderness to Studio. Toronto, Ontario: Royal Ontario Museum Press, 2010.

MacDonald, Ranald, Ranald MacDonald, the Narrative of his Early Life on the Columbia under the Hudson's Bay Company's Regime, Wm. S. Lewis and Naojiro Murakami, editors (North Pacific Studies Series, No. 16), Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1990.

Mason, Gordon. “’I had in my knapsack one biscuit’: Following David Douglas,” Winston Churchill Travelling Fellow, 2001.

Merk, Frederick, Fur Trade and Empire; George Simpson's Journal: . . . 1824-1825. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1931.

Mitchell, Ann Lindsay and Syd House. David Douglas: Explorer and Botanist. London: Aurum Press, 1999.

Morwood, William. Traveler in a Vanished Landscape: The Life and Times of David Douglas, Botanical Explorer. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1973.

Museum of Garden History, The Tradescant Trust, Lambeth Place, London, 2001.

Musgrave, Toby, Chris Gardner and Will Musgrave. The Plant Hunters. London: Seven Dials, Cassell & Co., 1999.

Meyen, Dr. F. J. F. A Botanist’s Visit to Oahu in 1831. Kailua, Hawaii: Press Pacifica, 1981.

Nelson, Vera Joyce. David Douglas on the Columbia. Lake Oswego, Ore.: Smith, Smith and Smith Publishing Company, 1978.

Newman, Peter C. Empire of the Bay. Toronto: Madison Press Books, 1989.

Nicandri, David L. Northwest Chiefs: Gustav Sohon’s Views of the 1855 Stevens Treaty Councils. Tacoma, Wash.: Washington State Historical Society, 1986.

Nisbet, Jack. The Collector: David Douglas and the Natural History of the Northwest. Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 2009.

———. David Douglas, A Naturalist at Work: An Illustrated Exploration Across Two Centuries in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 2012.

Oregonian (Portland). “David Douglas, Botanist, Takes Unknown Oregon Trail to Discover Fir That Now Bears His Name.” November 7, 1926.

———. “Members of Plant Kingdom Stand as Living Memorials to Work on Pacific Coast of David Douglas, Botanist.” April 12, 1925.

Payne, Michael, “The Most Respectable Place in the Territory: Everyday Life in Hudson’s Bay Company Service at York Factory, 1788 to 1870,” Ottawa: National Historic Parks and Sites, Canadian Parks Service, 1989.

Palmquist, Peter E. Carleton E. Watkins: Photographer of the American West. Albuquerque: Published for the Amon Carter Museum of Art by the University of New Mexico Press, 1983.

Ramsey, Jarold. Poem. “The Man of Grass.” Thinking Like a Canyon: New and Selected Poems, 1973-2010, Simsbury, Conn.: Antrim House, 2012.

Ritchie, George. David Douglas: A Man to Remember. Perth: David Douglas Memorial Committee, 1987.

Schultze, Thomas, Frances Anne Hopkins: Images from Canada. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press, 2008.

Scottish Plant Collectors Garden, Pitlochry, Scotland.

Scouler, John, “Dr. John Scouler's Journal of a Voyage to N. W. America,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, Portland, Ore., VI (1905), 54-75, 159-205, 276-287.

Shephard, Sue. Seeds of Fortune: A Gardening Dynasty. New York and London: Bloomsbury, 2003.

Smith, Archie. All for a Handful of Seed: The Life and Adventures of David Douglas. Perth, n.p., 1997.

Stenzel, Franz, M.D. James Madison Alden. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum, 1975.

Symes, Michael. A Glossary of Garden History. Buckinghamshire: Shire Publications Ltd., 2000.

Thompson, David. David Thompson's Narrative of his Explorations in Western America, 1784-1812, J. B. Tyrrell, ed. Toronto: 1916.

Thorington, J. Monroe. “The Centenary of David Douglas’s Ascent of Mount Brown,” Canadian Alpine Journal, Banff, Alberta: 16 (1926-27), 185-197.

Thurston, Lucy Goodale. The Missionary’s Daughter: A Memoir of the Sandwich Islands. New York: American Tract Society, 1842.

Townsend, John K., Narrative of a Journey across the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia River and a Visit to the Sandwich Islands, Chili, etc. Philadelphia: 1839.

Vaughan, Thomas. Captain Cook, R.N. The Resolute Mariner: An International Record of Oceanic Discovery. Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 1974.

Young, Fay. “Dawyck Botanic Garden.” Peeblesshire, Scotland, 1999.

PERIODICALS and Manuscripts (Utilized at the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, September 2001; the British Library, Newspaper Library Reading Rooms, The London Times, 1827, 1828; Kew Garden Herbarium; Glasgow Botanic Garden; Scone Palace Archives; additional photocopies – correspondence John Douglas and W. J. Hooker; Kumu Hawaii, “Death of Mr. Douglas,” November 1834 courtesy Syd House, Forestry Commission, Scotland)

Botanical Magazine, 1856, London.

Cottage Gardener, London.

The Botanical Register, London, 1828.

Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London, 1828, 1829, 1834, 1835, 1837, 1859, 1895, 1909,1922.

Edward’s Botanical Register, London, 1829, 1830, 1835.

Horticultural Society of London, Transactions, 1826, 1830, 1842.

Paxton’s Magazine of Botany and Register of Flowering Plants, 1842.

Royal Scottish Arborcultural Society, Transactions, 1915.

The Gardener’s Magazine, London, 1827, 1830, 1835, 1839.

The Ladies’ Flower-Garden of Ornamental Annuals, [and Perennials] Mrs. Loudon, 1842.



And an infinite number of websites multiplying daily on David Douglas related topics!